Would it be better if I could roll into a garage, and a machine took 5 minutes to swap out my battery for a fully charged one? For this to happen, batteries would have to be modular to cope with different car ranges, have the same electrical interface and the same mounting structures. The energy network of garages and battery manufacturers then absorb the problems of battery degradation, and EVs should become easier to repair and therefore insure. We already have a network of garages that could then be re-purposed to charge and exchange batteries.
This would require a global industry agreement to develop a standard and then implement it for manufacturing and energy supply.
We have been looking at how to replace our oil burning radiator system. Could we replace it with a pure electric radiator system?
If we install direct electricity radiators, and they were all on at the same time, the system would use 17KW which is about 74amps, and this does not leave much spare for cooking, water heating, lighting etc. and could probably not co-exist with an EV charging station. If we go this route we will need logic controlled switches to monitor and control maximum usage.
Retrofitting our connection to 3 Phases would solve the problem, but that is just too expensive.
It would make sense if all new builds were installed with 3 phase grid connections in anticipation of higher usage to support heating and cooling electrification as well as EV charging.
I have a home. I have Solar. I will not get an EV until I can use its expensive battery to store my excess solar and feed it back to the house. Solar systems have hybrid inverters that use house batteries in a very collaborative way, but they were designed to integrate together. EV manufacturers must evolve their designs to provide an interface that can connect to external hybrid inverters.
Putting green hydrogen into the existing gas distribution network seems like a grand idea. Gradually reducing the carbon content of existing supplies and replacing it by increasing hydrolisation using excess energy from solar/wind/tidal/nuclear until the entire gas network runs on clean green hydrogen. However, existing domestic (and commercial) appliances can only use gas with up to 20% hydrogen content. Increasing the H content beyond this requires investment to change the entire estate of gas burning appliances. Still, it does mean that all the infrastructure beyond the burner can be maintained. You would not have to change radiators/pumps etc as recommended for heat pump tech. It would also mean, if fuel cell vehicles ever took off, that a national and international fuel delivery network already exists, even to many homes. Reuse and repurpose!
One problem with EV’s is the weight of the batteries. Greater range equals greater weight. Weight has implications on brakes, suspension, tyres, handling, road impact, and in aggregate can affect bridge loading, car ferries, and car parks. Battery weight limits the carrying capacity of people or cargo, which is why alternative and complimentary energy sources are being considered for lorries, airplanes, and shipping. Competing research may increase the energy density of batteries and decrease their weight, or commercialise alternate sources such as hydrogen and bio fuel. Research takes time and developing the infrastructure to exploit it takes longer. It will take decades to transition freight movement to green tech. We should also look to cut down the weight of EV’s by simplifying them, which will in turn give them more range or a lower price. Both of which are required for more general public adoption.
Er No! I have 32 panels that in good light at midday are capable of generating 12KW. In winter it rains, there are clouds and mist, it is overcast, daylight hours are shorter and the sun is lower in the sky. All of which mean that the number of days we have excess power, after running the usual domestic appliances, is limited. On a bright clear winters day we might be able to heat some water, but not the house. If only we could store the excess power we generate in summer to use in winter! Mind you our planet has 2 hemispheres - If only I could trade seasonal excess with a southern hemisphere partner! - Global energy trading market for small scale producers?
Requirements: Create a domestic power system that:
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